Indian architecture is famous worldwide. It is incredible how nearly all the people who love architecture will always refer to India for the best insights. To prove the geniuses in India, if you check at the 830 World Heritage sites which are listed by UNESCO, 26 of them are from India. This shows that it dominates the world of architecture. Here are the best styles in Indian Architecture.
1. The temple architecture
This style of architecture developed during ancient India. Temple constructions were done based on climate, geographical, climatic, ethnic and historical diversities to mention a few. The temples were however classified into three categories. These were the Nagara (northern) style, Vesara (mixed) style, and Dravida (southern) style. Based on the location, the temples seemed similar in architecture. They are filled with different types of abstract art on the walls.
2. Mughal architecture
This is a blend of the Islamic, Indian and Persian styles. The style was very prominent between the 16th and the 18th century. It was during the ruling of the Mungal, and so most buildings were done in his respect. He led in the building using the style which led to the further introduction of the technique in most parts of India.
3. Indo-Saracenic Revival Architecture
This was a very brilliant architectural engineering movement which was led by the British architects. It is a blend of the Indian architecture and the Indo-Islamic architecture. It absorbs the exotic factors from the Indian architecture as well as indo-Islamic hence was very valued by the Victorian British.
4. Dravidian architecture
This style emerged in southern parts of India several years ago. The Dravidian people majorly use the style. The buildings consisted of the pyramid-shaped temples. This style depends mostly on curved stones which are also used to design statues of prominent people in India.
5. Kalinga architecture
This style was given birth to by the Kalinga religion. It can be seen in the eastern states of India such as the Odisha. It consists of three different types of temples namely the Rekha Deula, the Khakhara Deula and the Pidha Deula. The significant aspects which this style passes are the honor of custom, tradition, and legends.
6. Sikh architecture
This fantastic style originated in India but has gained its popularity in most parts of the world. Austere beauty characterizes it, the value of progressiveness and exquisite intricacy. It is all about curves and a straight line in the building.
7. Vesara architecture
It combines both the Dravida and Nagara styles. When used in construction, each tier is reduced, but their number is maintained. In the end, the whole building becomes shorter than usual. It may end up being semi-circular like we see in the Buddhist churches.
8. Indian vernacular architecture
This generally refers to the style of construction which is majorly used by the Indian locals traditionally. It is the most popular style in the world. In most cases, it is done by builders who do not have a formal education. They make use of the locally available materials and the local craftsmanship.
9. Cave architecture
This is the oldest style of architecture in India. The building is made in the form of caves. The only difference is how the cave is designed to portray a structure of a given religion. For instance, the cave for Hinduism would be different from that of the Buddhism.
10. Rock-cut architecture
Cut rock architecture style is based on the artistic act done by creating carvings from the solid rocks. The rocks can be cut to the image of a given person who is being designed. Majorly, it is done in memory of prominent or historically important persons.